As we all know, honey is a viscous golden-yellow fluid made by bees from nectar collected from flowers. The honey best known by humans is produced by honey bees of the genus Apis. Bees store honey for consumption in cold periods when food is scarce.
Composition of honey
Inside the hive bees store honey in honeycomb, a wax structure comprised of horizontally aligned hexagonal cells. Hexagonal cells are ideal as they use a minimal amount of wax to form a lattice structure.
Field bees visit approximately 5 million flowers to produce a single pot of honey (ca. 500 mL).
During their efforts to collect food field bees also pollinate plants.
When a field bee returns to the hive she has nectar is stored in honey sac, a second stomach. The nectar load is transferred to worker bees in the hive who suck the nectar from the honey sac through their proboscis. They work the nectar, adding enzymes, until it is suitable for storing in a cell of the honeycomb.
Floral source of nectar Honey is typically classified as being polyfloral, or wild flower, honey, or monofloral honey. Polyfloral honey is produced from the nectar of many different plants, whereas mono floral honey is produced from just one species.
Examples of monofloral honey include: